All you need to know to ‘Beat Diabetes’

The number of people with diabetes has increased from 108 million in 1980 to 422 million in 2014.

In 2014, 8.5% of adults aged 18 and over had diabetes.

By 2030, the World Health Organization estimates that diabetes will be the 7th leading cause of death worldwide.

Faced with alarming statistics, the WHO decided to make “Beat Diabetes” the theme of this year’s World Health Day.

There is a greater need to sound the alarm in India, as the WHO has declared that South Asian countries, including India, must take “vigorous and concerted” measures to prevent and treat diabetes.

And there are many reasons to be concerned. The number of people with diabetes in India has doubled from 32 million in 2000 to 63 million in 2013 and is expected to increase to 101.2 million in the next 15 years. Indians also appear to be genetically predisposed to diabetes. Worldwide, men over 36 and women over 34 are at high risk, while in India the age is lower – 34 for men and 32 for women.

The worst part? Almost half of people who suffer from diabetes are unaware that they have the disease or that there could have been some control if it had been diagnosed earlier.

What is diabetes?

Often called diabetes mellitus, this is a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood glucose/sugar levels.

Why does it happen?

This can happen because the body isn’t producing enough insulin or if the body’s cells aren’t responding to insulin, or in both scenarios.

What are the types of diabetes?

type 1

This is when the body does not produce insulin. About 10 percent of all diabetes cases are type 1. People usually develop this in adolescence or early adulthood.

type 2

In this case, the body does not produce enough insulin for proper functioning. Almost 90 percent of all diabetes cases worldwide are of this type.

there can also be Gestational diabeteswhich affects a percentage of women during pregnancy.

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

  • frequent urination
  • excessive thirst
  • intense hunger
  • sudden weight gain
  • unexplained weight loss
  • Increased fatigue and irritability
  • Delays healing of cuts and bruises
  • More skin and/or fungal infections; itchy skin
  • Swollen or red gums; frequent gum disease/infection
  • Numbness or tingling, especially in the feet and hands
  • Blurry vision
  • sexual dysfunction among men

How can this be dealt with?

All types of diabetes last a lifetime, but they can be treated.

type 1

Diabetes, for which there is no cure, can be controlled with insulin.

type 2

Diabetes can be controlled with non-insulin medications, insulin, dietary changes, exercise, and weight loss. If diabetes is not controlled, the patient is at a significantly higher risk of developing complications. It can cause serious damage to all major organs and can lead to heart attacks, strokes, blindness, and nerve damage.

What is pre-diabetes?

Most people with type 2 diabetes started with prediabetes, a condition in which blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough to warrant a diagnosis of diabetes. The cells in your body are becoming insulin resistant.

What can you do?

According to the WHO, nearly 90 percent of all diabetes cases are type 2 diabetes, largely the result of excess body weight and physical inactivity. A large proportion of diabetes cases are preventable. Research has shown that simple lifestyle measures can help prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes. Maintaining a normal body weight and BMI, regular exercise, and a high-fiber diet and low-glycemic foods can reduce your risk. of diabetes. Cut down on sugar and white foods and make sure you eat short meals at regular intervals.

If left unchecked, diabetes can put a patient at risk for a number of complications, including cardiovascular disease, nerve, kidney and eye damage, skin conditions, Alzheimer’s disease and hearing impairment.

But making lifestyle and diet changes can ensure successful diabetes management. HealthifyMe coaches have helped many diabetes patients reduce their sugar levels, get in shape and lose weight.

The resident of Surat Chaitali is one of them. Chaitali, who was hospitalized and told she was diabetic, found her “fasting sugar level to be 400”. She weighed 87 kg and realized that it was essential for her to “drastically” drop the pounds to lower her sugar levels. in 10 months, she lost 22 kg and achieved her goal of getting rid of diabetes. “Now I don’t take any diabetes medication,” she says.

Join her and many others like her by joining HealthifyMe. Click here to read more about Chaitali’s success story.